• Evaluate validity and reliability of assessment tools and diagnostic tests
• Analyze diversity considerations in health assessments
• Apply concepts, theories, and principles related to examination techniques, functional assessments, and cultural and diversity awareness in health assessment
• Review this week’s Learning Resources, and consider the factors that impact the validity and reliability of various assessment tools and diagnostic tests.
• Select one of the following assessment tools or diagnostic tests to explore for the purposes of this Discussion:
o Physical tests for sore throat (inspecting the throat, palpating the head and neck lymph nodes, listening to breath sounds)
o Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
o Dix-Hallpike test
o Body-mass index (BMI) using waist circumference for adults
• Search the credible sources for resources explaining the tool or test you selected. What is its purpose, how is it conducted, and what information does it gather?
• Examine the literature and resources you located for information about the validity and reliability of the test or tool you selected. What issues with sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values are related to the test or tool?
• Are there any controversies or issues related to any of these tests or tools?
• Consider any ethical dilemmas that could arise by using these tests or tools.
Ball, J. W., Dains, J. E., Flynn, J. A., Solomon, B. S., & Stewart, R. W. (2015). Seidel\’s guide to physical examination (8th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby.
• Chapter 2, “Cultural Competency” (pp. 21–29)
This chapter highlights the importance of cultural awareness when conducting health assessments. The authors explore the impact of culture on health beliefs and practices.
• Chapter 3, “Examination Techniques and Equipment” (pp. 30-49)
LeBlond, R. F., Brown, D. D., & DeGowin, R. L. (2009). DeGowin\’s diagnostic examination (9th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw- Hill Medical.
• Chapter 3, \”The Physical Screening Examination\”
• Chapter 17, \”Principles of Diagnostic Testing\”
• Chapter 18, \”Common Laboratory Tests\”